Ethnic and Geographic Distribution of Muslims in China

According to the official statistics of the Chinese government in 2009, there were approximately 23 million Chinese Muslims, 1.6% of the Chinese population (up from 18 million in 1992 and 20 million in 2000). Non-governmental statistics tend to estimate the number of Muslims between 50 to 100 million. Muslims are dispersed throughout China with a particularly high concentration in the Northwest provinces. Muslims throughout China may be divided into ten distinct predominately Muslim ethnic groups. The largest group is Hui who are spread throughout China, followed by the Uygur who live in Xinjiang. Other groups include Dongxiang, Bao’an, Sala, Uzbek, Kazak, Kirghiz, Tajik, and Tatar. Alongside Muslims of these ethnic groups, there are significant numbers of Muslims among other ethnic groups, including: Han, Zang (Tibetan), Mongol, Bai, and Dai ethnic groups

Name of Ethnic GroupLiving placeNumber (according to 2000 census)
HuiNingxia, Gansu, Henan, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Yunnan, Hebai, Shandong, Anhui, Liaoning, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Tianjing, Heilongjiang, Shanxi, Guizhou, Jiling, Jiangsu and Sichuan9,816,805
DongxiangGansu, Xinjiang513,805
Kirghiz Xinjiang160,823
Salar Qinghai104,503
Tajik Xinjiang41,028
Uzbek Xinjiang12,370
Bao’an Gansu16,505
Tatar Xinjiang4,890
Source: Islamopedia


About qualandar

I am a lawyer and social activist based in Delhi the capital of India. I report the nuances of our culture and life.
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